Palm tree: Its varieties, planting and maintenance

Taking a nap in the shade of the palm trees, an inaccessible dream in our latitudes? Not necessarily! No more preconceived ideas about palm trees, some varieties are able to resist the cold and adapt perfectly to our regions with a temperate climate. Palm tree in pots or in the ground, the multitude of varieties makes it possible to satisfy all desires. Do not wait any longer to adopt this tropical plant which will bring a touch of exoticism to your garden.

Presentations of outside palm trees

Choose a palm in step with the exposure and also the climate of its region, obviously taking under consideration the minimum annual temperatures. it’ll even be necessary to require into consideration the mature dimensions of the tree, several of which might reach 20 m tall.

However, growing the palm in a pot, adapted to certain varieties, limits its growth and also facilitates its movement to bring it indoors as winter approaches. within the ground, the palm will develop to its maximum potential and can be better ready to resist negative temperatures.

Varieties of palm trees

Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Palm tree with small development, it’s large shiny green palms. Palm needs normal, moist soil and exposure to the sun in cold regions, within the shade in hot regions.

It supports up to -20°C, it’s the palm’s most proof against cold. It is usually used in the ground or in a pot.

Phoenix canariensis

Large chilly palm with an enormous stipe, its shiny green palms are plumed and reach 4 m long. It needs rich, drained, deep, neutral soil.

This tree must be exposed fully sun with good ventilation. It will be employed in the bottom or during a pot.

Brahea armata or blue palm

Possessing an exquisite crown of virtually blue leaves, very long with numerous ivory-white flowers, this palm can reach up to 10 m tall. It needs rich, deep, light, sandy, acid or neutral, okay drained soil.

It also must be exposed in a warm and extremely sunny place. Finally, it will be used both within the ground and in pots.

Chamaerops humilis or saw palmetto

Very ornamental, its palmate, rounded leaves of sunshine green color. Measuring up to 3m tall, it needs all right drained and sandy soil. It has sheltered and in full sun. Quite hardy, it withstands right down to -15°C. It is can be used in the ground or in a pot.

Trachycarpus tree

It forms a stipe 7 to eight m high, with a broad crown of dark green, rounded, webbed leaves. It needs rich, acidic, well-drained soil that’s always cool in summer. Its exposure must be sunny or slightly shaded, sheltered from drafts. Very hardy, it withstands down to -18°C and even withstands snow. It can be used in the ground or in a pot, isolated, or an alignment tree.

Washingtonia robusta or petticoat palm

An elegant palm with glossy green webbed leaves and a fine, slender trunk, which may reach 20 m tall on older subjects, it grows rapidly. It requires well-drained, rich, deep, light soil. It must expose in a very sunny space. within the ground, in the isolated subject, or alignment, it’ll be perfect.

Planting the palm tree

Where to plant a palm tree?


Depending on the variability, we’ll favor a sunny or partial shade exposure.


In general, palm trees like rich, light and above all well-drained soil. The palm doesn’t support an excessive amount of humidity at the extent of its roots. Whatever your region, do not forget to stay your palm trees dry.

How to plant a palm within the ground?

1. Soak the foundation ball in an exceedingly bucket of water and let it soak well.

2. Dig a planting hole a minimum of 3 times the scale of the foundation ball and about 80 cm deep.

3. Work the soil to loosen it well. If necessary, amend the soil to boost drainage.

4. Place gravel, sand, or clay pebbles on the underside of the opening to enhance drainage.

5. Bring a fertilizer-like crushed horn to the underside of the opening.

6. Prepare a mix of soil, sand and Mediterranean plant soil.

7. Place the foundation ball within the hole in order that the collar is flush with the extent of the bottom and fill in with compost.

8. Tamp down, form a basin at the foot of the palm and water copiously.

How to plant a palm tree in a pot?

1. Choose a pot large enough so that you do not should repot the tree ahead of time. The pot will have pierced to facilitate water drainage.
A clay pot evaporates water faster while a plastic pot retains it longer.

2. Arrange a bed of clay balls at the underside of the pot for about 10 cm.

3. Use Mediterranean plant soil.4. Lay out the basis ball.

5. Fill with potting soil.

6. Water abundantly during the times following planting.

Palm maintenance

Palm size

The palm doesn’t require any particular pruning. The palm never pruned too severely. After planting, it’s possible to hold out a training pruning, an aesthetic operation, to relinquish the palm the required shape.

From the tip of April-beginning to May, it’s advisable to chop the parched or damaged palms thanks to frost some centimeters from the petioles which constitute the stipe, that’s to mention the trunk.

Watering the palm tree

Watering the palm tree is a delicate step because it does not appreciate excess water or drought. To simply check if watering is necessary, plant a finger in the soil. If it is dry, then give water. Also in summer, in full sun, it may be necessary to increase the frequency of watering. Mulching the base of the palm will help maintain the humidity it needs.

In general, in the first years after planting, water regularly. In winter, stop watering If you plan to bring your palm tree indoors in winter, you should regularly moisten the crown of the palm tree to prevent the palms from drying out.

Repotting the palm tree

To ensure optimal growth, the potted palm must have enough room for its roots to develop properly. If the roots protrude below the pot, the palm tree is certainly cramped.

It is therefore advisable to repot the palm tree in a larger pot. Commonly, the palm tree repot approximately every 3 to 5 years.

Palm tree overwintering

In cold and humid regions, protect the roots and the pot by covering them with bubble wrap and wrap the palm in a single or even double-layer overwintering veil. Potted palms can be brought indoors and placed in a well-lit room.