Trachycarpus fortunei is a domestic decorate plant. Native to the mountainous areas of China, Japan, and Burma, the Chinese palm, or trachycarpus fortunei, is a tree that can be planted in the ground as far as the north of France because of its resistance to cold. Hardy to around -15 ° C, this tree with a trunk crowned with ample light green to dark green palms are cultivated in the garden as on a terrace, and will allow you to add an exotic touch without great effort!
Description of Trachycarpus Fortunei
- Latin name: trachycarpus fortune, chambers excelsa
- Synonyms: hemp palm, Chinese palm, Chusan palm, bald palm, mill palm
- Family: Arecaceae
- Origin: China, North India, Japan, Burma
- Flowering period: May-June
- Flower colors: orange yellow
- Plant type: tree
- Type of vegetation: perennial
- Type of foliage: evergreen
Characteristics of Trachycarpus Fortunei
The trachycarpus fortunei is an evergreen palm of the Araceae family, exhibiting quite exceptional resistance to cold, due to its origins. It grows in fact in the colder and mountainous areas of Asia, from northern India to Japan. In the ground, it can reach 15 m in height for a wingspan of 1.50 m.
It consists of a single stipe, or trunk, covered with fibers resembling hemp, hence its nickname the hemp palm. This protective layer allows it to better resist wind and frost. These fibers fall off as it sheds its old fins. Also, the trunk of the trachycarpus fortune, or chambers, tends to become bald with age, the diameter of its trunk decreasing.
A crown of palms blooms at the top of this stipe, borne by long, non-prickly petioles, covered with white to light brown down. The fins are fan-shaped and can reach up to four feet wide.
The trachycarpus is a dioecious tree: it bears either male or female flowers. Flowering occurs in May-June, in short inflorescences forming yellow-orange clusters.
The small fruits of the Chinese palm are purplish-black with a bean-shaped core. Very bitter, they are inedible.
The Chusan Palm can be cultivated in containers as well as in the ground. It is exposed in full light or in partial shade, well sheltered from the wind, taking care to protect it from severe winter frosts. Favor a soil with acidic and well-draining skin, and watch the watering, taking care not to expose it to stagnant water.
How to take care of Trachycarpus Fortunei?
|Exposure||Sun, shade, partial shade|
Rest of the year: follow-up
|Fertilizer||Complete fertilizer special for palm trees.|
|Diseases||Paysandisia archon butterfly, red palm weevil|
Exhibition / Location
The hemp palm can reach more than 10 m in height at maturity, for a wingspan of 1.50 m. It is therefore suitable for growing in the ground, or in a container, on a terrace, or in a greenhouse, where it can measure up to 3 m in height.
This tree hardly supports drought and drafts. On the other hand, it is very rustic, since it can withstand temperatures down to -18 ° C (-10, -15 ° C on average) provided it is not exposed to the wind. On the other hand, it tolerates spray quite well.
You can place it in the sun as well as in the shade or partial shade, but always in a well-sheltered situation. L ‘ winter, protect it from the gel with a mulch and a veil of winter and rid his palms of snow. Be careful, avoid placing it under a too-hot sun: if you live in the south, prefer exposure to the north.
Plant it in slightly acidic soil, preferably in the fall. A mixture of potting soil, garden soil, and possibly heather soil will suit it perfectly. Be sure to moisten its root ball before placing it, and cover with soil up to the neck. Form a bowl and water abundantly.
How to water Trachycarpus Fortunei?
Watering should be abundant in summer, and followed the rest of the year, especially in times of drought.
Which fertilizer to use for the trachycarpus fortunei?
A deficiency of iron or magnesium can set in, causing yellowing of the fins. Then feed your trachycarpus fortune with a special complete fertilizer for palm trees.
Apart from regular watering and good protection against the wind, Chinese palm is easy to maintain and requires little care.
How to report it?
Regular repotting in a larger pot is essential for the growth of your palm tree. Report as soon as the roots start to come out of the drainage holes. Place the tree in a pierced pot partially filled with potting soil. Complete with potting soil up to the neck, and mulch on the surface. Water until the water runs out of the bottom of the pot.
It makes the Chinese palm seedlings in the spring or autumn, at a temperature of 24 ° C. Planting of the new individuals will take place the following spring.
How to prune Trachycarpus Fortunei?
Chinese palm grows fairly quickly, however, its stipe, or trunk, will not grow larger with age, and may even shrink over time.
At the end of winter, cut off the old palms flush with the stipe.
Diseases and Parasites
The hemp palm is very resistant to disease. Its health can be threatened by a lack of water, exposure to too strong a sun, or by stagnant water.
Grown in the south, two pests can attack your trachycarpus fortune: the Paysandisia archon butterfly and the red palm weevil.
Chusan palm is non-toxic.
Some species of Trachycarpus Fortunei
- Trachycarpus wagnerianus: dwarf variety (5 m high in the ground, maximum) more resistant to cold and wind than the type species. Dark green palmate leaves with a lighter underside.
- Trachycarpus nanus: Ideal for indoor planting because its stipe is only a few tens of centimeters high. Shiny green leaves edged with white down, petioles covered with white down.
- Trachycarpus martian s: variety with a very fine stipe ringed with gray-brown. Supple glossy green leaves edged with white down. Petiole covered with white down.