One of the most common varieties will be familiar palm to you if you have been following us throughout this time, as we have analyzed it in one of our articles. We are referring to Kentia.
Today, we will show you five different types of palm trees. Palm, Coconut, Fishtail Palm, Areca, and Common Palm.
Table of Contents
Characteristics of palm trees
Before diving into the five types of palm trees that we have mentioned before, we will first focus on explaining the general characteristics of this very popular type of vegetation.
The palm tree is a plant that comes from the Aracaceae family. It has flowers with three petals and three sepals which, in turn, are provided with one or more spathes, that is, bracts.
Its stem is a single unbranched trunk. Unlike other types of trees, water does not move through the outer area of the bark. In the case of palm trees, this displacement is done in the fibrous part of their interior.
It is a plant of tropical origin, so it is not surprising that it prefers to be in environments with warm temperatures and high humidity. Although this is generally the case, there are some species of palm trees that can withstand colder areas.
Five types of palm trees for your garden
Below, you will learn some of the most important characteristics of the Palmetto, Coconut, Fishtail Palm, Areca, and Common Palm.
Of the five types of palm trees that we are going to talk to you about, this is the one that probably sounds most familiar to you. It is a native species of Spain and, furthermore, one of the most predominant in the entire Mediterranean area of the country.
It reaches a height of about 3 meters, a height that if compared to the size that the others reach (more than 5 meters), is much smaller.
- Its leaves are palmate and resemble a fan.
- It is a plant that resists drought well.
- In the garden, watering during the first year is sufficient; afterward, you can reduce the frequency.
- For potted plants, be aware that they require more frequent watering, typically around three times a week.
It is a tall tree that, unlike Palmito, is capable of growing up to 30 meters in height.
The coconut tree can also be used as a decorative element, so indoors it can reach 3 meters.
And speaking of interior location. The flowers of the coconut tree are male and female. They develop continuously and once they appear, the fruits (coconuts) are produced.
This type of palm tree is one of the most common in the Caribbean areas. It needs to be located in areas with high temperatures and humidity.
Withstands the wind well
As for irrigation, it should be abundant during the summer and less frequent in winter. Make sure the soil is always moist and do not waterlog it
The fishtail is characterized by the shape of its green leaves, which can reach six meters in length and its leaves are serrated and resemble the tail of a fish, hence its name.
The is characterized by the shape of its green leaves. These have a serrated shape and look like the tail of a fish, hence their name.
Of Asian origin, with a robust white trunk and a maximum thickness of 40 cm.
In reality, this palm tree not only has one trunk, but it also has several different stems that appear as the previous ones die.
This type of tree variety is ideal for regions without a tropical climate, as it requires protection from direct sunlight, unlike the previous two types.
The areca is a palm tree with evergreen foliage that is usually located indoors, as it grows best in semi-shade.
If it has been planted indoors it can reach a height of about 3 meters, however, outdoors it grows up to 20 meters if the right growing conditions are met.
It is compared to a tropical bird due to its feathery leaves that resemble a bird’s wings.
It is a type of simple maintenance that needs to be located in areas with temperatures around 20 and 25⁰C. In addition, it should be watered twice a week in summer and reduced watering in winter (every 15 days is enough).
Or also known as palm or date. This type of tree is a fruit tree whose fruit is the date.
It is one of the most notable of the Phoenix genus and stands out for its low maintenance, rusticity, and resistance.
Perfect for coastal street decoration, palm trees are unaffected by salty sea breezes. They can be used individually, in groups forming groves, or lined up in alignments.
Its leaves are reminiscent of a Phoenix bird, hence the name of the genus. For the fruits to reach maturity, they need very high temperatures and a lot of water.
The common multiplies by seeds or suckers and takes about two months to germinate.