In this new blog article , we analyze one of the most common shrubs in garden decoration, the Photinia . This genus, which covers a wide variety of species, stands out for its resistance and ease of cultivation .
The most common variety is Photinia x fraseri , commonly known as Red Robin .
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Its flowering occurs in spring.
If you are thinking of decorating your garden and do not know which plants to use, perhaps you should consider the Photinia. Next, you will discover everything you need to know about this very special genre.
Photinia , commonly known as simply “ photinia ”, is a genus of plants that encompasses a large number of species of small trees and shrubs . It has evergreen and deciduous varieties to its credit.
In addition, hybrids such as the x fraseri , Photnia Redstart or Photinia Palette also belong to this genus . The most common variety of Photinia is x fraseri , so we will analyze it in depth.
They grow grow in regions where temperatures are temperate.
Its natural habitat is in areas of Asia, such as Japan, India or Thailand. Some experts also include species native to North America in this genus.
What are their characteristics?
The xfraseri is a hybrid of Glabra and Serrulata . It is characterized by having a bushy habit capable of reaching 3 meters in height, fast growth and great resistance.
This photinia has evergreen foliage.
Its leaves are elongated, approximately 10 centimeters long, consistent and very shiny. These have a different color depending on the season of the year, which is why it is such a special, decorative and cultivated shrub.
The leaves are what give this species of Photinia its name because they have a very beautiful red color when they sprout.
This shrub blooms in spring and develops small white flowers grouped in clusters of 10.
As we have anticipated, the photinia is usually used as a decorative element in the garden. Currently, it is one of the most cultivated shrubs in the world, so it is not unusual to see one of these plants forming a large and colorful hedge
Care and requirements
Its origin already gives us clues to some of its requirements, such as the temperatures it needs to grow.
Well, since Photinia is a plant native to the temperate zones of Asia, it is not unusual for it to not withstand the high temperatures of certain regions or the extreme cold. It will withstand some frosts, so it will often grow at different altitudes.
The ideal is to plant this shrub in places where the average temperature is at least 10⁰C and at most 18⁰C.
Photinia is a versatile species that thrives in various light conditions, including full sun and partially shaded areas where it receives protection from the sun at certain times of the day.
However, it’s crucial to consider wind exposure when choosing its planting location. Photinia is sensitive to strong winds, and the success of your cultivation depends on whether or not the chosen spot offers protection from this atmospheric phenomenon.
The relatively flexible when it comes to soil preferences, but it truly flourishes in well-drained, fertile, and nutrient-rich soils. To encourage the bush to produce smaller, more fragrant leaves and maintain its overall health and appearance, it’s advisable to periodically apply organic or mineral fertilizer. This practice will contribute to the development of smaller, scented leaves and the overall well-being of your photinia.
As usual, irrigation will depend on climatic conditions and other aspects such as the land in which it is planted or the location in which it is located.
As a general rule, does not need abundant and frequent watering .
For example, if it is summer and if the shrub is planted in the garden soil, it is enough to water it two or three times a week. However, if it is in a pot, watering will have to be more repeated.
Pruning of Photinia
The Pruning will depend on whether it has been planted to form hedges or not.
When the answer is yes, that is, if you have decided to grow the as a hedge, maintenance pruning won’t hurt. It is in winter when more severe pruning can be carried out.
Additionally, it is important that you know that if you want to maintain the reddish color of the leaves you must prune it more often. Because? Well, because it is the newly emerged sprouts that present this pigmentation.
Diseases and pests of Photinia
The fungus is the most common disease in case.This causes a leaf spot that, if not stopped in time, can defoliate the plant and consequently kill it. The spots are, at first, a dark red color and end up turning gray when the infection begins to worsen.The disease can spread from the leaves to the branches and appears with excessive humidity (spring or winter). The solution? Treat the plant with systemic fungicides .