The artichoke is a thistle-like, vigorous cultivated plant from the sunflower family. The pulp of the thistle blossom has a tart, slightly bitter taste. A substance called cynarin is responsible for the aroma . The bitter substance has a positive effect on digestion . It stimulates the flow of saliva and stomach acid production. The bile acid is increasingly produced and the digestion of high-fat foods is promoted. The tender vegetables are rich in fiber and provide a lot of vegetable protein . The body with calcium , iron , the pro-vitamin A and vitamin B supplied.